Building Bottom-up Health and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes

Building Bottom-up Health and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes

Emily Ying Yang Chan

Print publication date: Feb 2018

ISBN: 9780198807179

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Abstract

Although urban living has accounted for being the lifestyle for more than half of the global population since 2010, nearly half are still living in a rural context. As pointed out by the United Nations as a backdrop of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (2016–2030), at least 1.8 billion people across the world still consumed faecally contaminated drinking water by 2015, 2.4 million lacked access to basic sanitation services such as toilets or latrines, and nearly 1,000 children died every day of preventable water and sanitation-related diarrhoeal diseases. Rural areas fare far worse: children are about 1.7 times more likely to die before their fifth birthday as those in urban areas. About 16% of the rural population do not use improved drinking water sources, compared to 4% of the urban population. About 50% of people living in rural areas lack improved sanitation facilities, compared to only 18% of people in urban regions. Far too many one-off rural on-site public health knowledge transfer projects fail to deliver long-term results. Theoretical understanding may be strengthened among non-governmental organization (NGO) practitioners and volunteers to support project planning, monitoring, and evaluation. Based on public health theories and illustrated by relevant examples, as well as the insights gained from the long-established CCOUC Ethnic Minority Health Project in China, this book introduces how health, emergency, and disaster preparedness education programmes could be organized in remote rural Asia, which could become a useful reference for organizers and volunteers of rural development projects.