Blurred boundaries between the normal and the pathological are a recurrent theme in almost every publication concerned with the classification of mental disorders. However, systematic approaches that take into account the philosophical discussions about vagueness are rare. This is the first volume to systematically draw various lines of philosophical and psychiatric inquiry together–including the debates about categorial versus dimensional approaches in current psychiatric classification systems, the principles of psychiatric classification, the problem of prodromal phases and subthreshold disorders, and the problem of overdiagnosis in psychiatry–and to explore the connections of these debates to philosophical discussions about vagueness. The book consists of an introduction (Part I) followed by three parts. Part II encompasses historical and recent philosophical positions regarding the nature of demarcation problems in nosology. Here the authors discuss the pros and cons of gradualist approaches to health and disease and the relevance of philosophical discussions of vagueness to these debates. Part III narrows the focus to psychiatric nosology. The authors approach the vagueness of psychiatric classification by drawing on contentious medical categories, such as PTSD or schizophrenia, and on the dilemmas of day-to-day diagnostic and therapeutic practice. Against this background, the chapters critically evaluate how current revisions of the ICD classifications and DSM manuals conceptualize mental disorders and how they are applied in various contexts. Part IV is concerned with social, moral, and legal implications that arise when being mentally ill is a matter of degree. Not surprisingly, the law is ill-equipped to deal with these challenges due to its binary logic. Still, the authors show that there are more and less reasonable ways of dealing with blurred boundaries and of arriving at warranted decisions in hard cases.
Table of Contents
- Chapter 2 Mental and physical gradualism in Graeco-Roman medicine
- Chapter 3 Disease as a vague and thick cluster concept
- Chapter 4 Disease entities and the borderline between health and disease: Where is the place of gradations?
- Chapter 5 Indeterminacy in medical classification: On continuity, uncertainty, and vagueness
- Chapter 6 Psychiatric diagnosis, tacit knowledge, and criteria
- Chapter 7 Fuzzy boundaries and tough decisions in psychiatry
- Chapter 8 Reflections on what is normal, what is not, and fuzzy boundaries in psychiatric classifications
- Chapter 9 Vagueness, the sorites paradox, and posttraumatic stress disorder
- Chapter 10 Moral and legal implications of the continuity between delusional and non-delusional beliefs
- Chapter 11 Mental illness versus mental disorder: Arguments and forensic implications
- Chapter 12 The American experience with the categorical ban against executing the intellectually disabled: New frontiers and unresolved questions
- Chapter 13 Typical and atypical mental disorders: Moral implications for academic–industry collaborations