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Center for Scientific Review and the Peer Review Process 

Center for Scientific Review and the Peer Review Process
Center for Scientific Review and the Peer Review Process

Michelle L. Kienholz

and Jeremy M. Berg

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date: 13 June 2021

This chapter explains the process by which the NIH refers (for funding and review assignments) and then conducts the peer review process; reasons for return of applications are also discussed. We focus on the Center for Scientific Review but also note that certain grant applications are reviewed by study sections maintained by individual Institutes and Centers. The reader learns the importance of researching and picking the best study section even before preparing the application (versus at the end, when it is too late to tailor the narrative to the reviewers’ expertise and interests) and then writing and formatting the application to make the reviewers’ task as easy as possible. We explain how the peer review process works as well as both scoring and percentiling (versus success rate).

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