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National Institutes of Health 

National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health

Michelle L. Kienholz

and Jeremy M. Berg

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date: 17 June 2021

This chapter distinguishes between the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as an institution and the 27 Institutes and Centers (ICs) that comprise the NIH (and how they all differ in style and internal policy). The reader will learn about Congressional authorization and appropriation activities and the way in which he or she (the reader) can advocate for more funding for the NIH. Components of the Office of the Director of the NIH are reviewed in terms of how they might be useful for grant applicants. An overview of the NIH grant application process is provided, including a table summarizing the time line (in calendar and fiscal years) of the three key parallel process relevant to any investigator working with the NIH: federal budget process, IC program planning, and application review/award process, and grant application process by an individual investigator. The three major NIH submission cycles are also shown.

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