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Adjustable Small-Diameter TIPS 

Adjustable Small-Diameter TIPS
Adjustable Small-Diameter TIPS

Zubin Irani

, and Sara Zhao

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date: 19 June 2021

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was first described by Rosch et al. in 1969, and in 1982, Colopinto et al. described its first clinical application in a patient with cirrhosis and variceal hemorrhage. It was not until 1988 that the first metal-lined shunt was created, and in 1997 the first polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-lined stent was used in humans for shunt revision after stenosis, created by pinning the Gore PTFE graft material between two metal stents. Introduced in 2000, the Viatorr stent graft is now the most commonly used device for TIPS. One of the major side effects of TIPS creation is hepatic encephalopathy (HE). This chapter discusses the adjustable small-diameter transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

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