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Management of Acute Iliocaval Thrombosis 

Management of Acute Iliocaval Thrombosis
Management of Acute Iliocaval Thrombosis

Jordan C. Tasse

, and Bulent Arslan

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date: 23 June 2021

Acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs in approximately 300,000 people per year in the United States. Iliocaval thrombosis is most commonly related to the progression of lower extremity DVT. Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis occurs in approximately 4–15% of patients with acute DVT. Vena cava thrombosis is frequently associated with neoplastic disease. Foreign body placement such as an IVC filter or a venous catheter is a frequently reported cause of iliocaval thrombosis. External compression due to right common iliac artery mass effect (May–Thurner syndrome), tumor, lymphadenopathy, or aortic aneurysm are also commonly seen. This chapter discusses the interventional measures to manage acute iliocaval thrombosis.

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