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Malaria and Dengue Fever 

Malaria and Dengue Fever
Chapter:
Malaria and Dengue Fever
Author(s):

Dana Mueller

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199976805.003.0052
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date: 28 June 2022

Malaria is a vector-borne parasitic illness characterized by acute fever, headache, chills, and vomiting. Medications must target both the parasite’s active and inactive forms. During pregnancy, treatment regimens should consist of quinine and clindamycin. Person-to-person transmission can occur via sharing of blood products or during pregnancy. It is possible to contract malaria even while on prophylactic medications because resistance is widespread. Country-specific recommendations for prophylaxis can be found in the CDC’s annual Health Information for International Travel Protection against mosquito bites. Dengue Fever is a vector-borne viral infection that causes a flu-like illness with occasional lethal complications. It occurs primarily in tropical and subtropical regions. All treatment is supportive, ranging from oral rehydration to intravenous fluid administration and vasopressor support. Aspirin and NSAIDs are contraindicated in this population. Person-to-person transmission can occur via sharing of blood products or during pregnancy, although vertical transmission is rare.

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