Show Summary Details
Page of

Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis, and Peritonsillar Abscess 

Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis, and Peritonsillar Abscess
Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis, and Peritonsillar Abscess

Gabrielle Jacquet

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 31 October 2020

Pharyngitis typically presents with sore throat, fever, and pharyngeal inflammation. More serious cases may progress to peritonsillar abscess (PTA). Infection or inflammation of the throat that primarily affects the palantine tonsils is considered tonsillitis, whereas infections involving the posterior pharynx are considered pharyngitis. Weber glands (a group of mucous salivary glands superior to the tonsil in the soft palate) have been implicated in the formation of PTA; one must consider their proximity to the trachea and to the carotid artery when pursuing fine needle aspiration. Treatment for all cases includes supportive care with antipyretics, analgesics, and fluids. Despite the much lower prevalence of group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus infection (for which antibiotics is indicated), a staggering 49% to 57% of children and 64% of adults evaluated for pharyngitis receive an antibiotic prescription. Up to 90% of primary infections with HIV-1 are associated with acute retroviral syndrome, which can include pharyngitis 2 to 4 weeks after exposure.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.