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Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies 

Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies
Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies

Nicole P. Sandhu

, Naveen L. Pereira

, and Robert D. Ficalora

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date: 15 June 2021

Heart failure is a clinical syndrome characterized by inability of the heart to maintain adequate cardiac output to meet the metabolic demands of the body while still maintaining normal or near-normal ventricular filling pressures. Cardiomyopathies are divided into primary and secondary cardiomyopathies, and the primary disorders are further subdivided as genetic, acquired, or mixed. This classification scheme accounts for progressive understanding of this heterogeneous group of disorders. This chapter has four goals: review the presentation, evaluation, and management of heart failure, describe the various types of cardiomyopathy, distinguish the presentations and management of the different types of cardiomyopathy, explain the roles of medical and device therapy, and identify the indications for cardiac transplant.

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