Show Summary Details
Page of

Neurologic Disorders Categorized by Anatomical Involvement 

Neurologic Disorders Categorized by Anatomical Involvement
Chapter:
Neurologic Disorders Categorized by Anatomical Involvement
Author(s):

Lyell K. Jones

, Brian A. Crum

, Eduardo E. Benarroch

, and Robert D. Brown

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199948949.003.0045
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 26 September 2020

The supratentorial region includes all structures of the nervous system inside the skull and above the tentorium cerebelli, primarily the cerebral hemispheres. Brainstem lesions can produce crossed neurologic syndromes: cranial nerve signs are ipsilateral to the lesion, but long-tract signs are usually contralateral. Sensory levels, signs of anterior horn cell involvement, and long-tract signs in the posterior columns or corticospinal tract (or in both) suggest a spinal cord lesion. Peripheral neuropathies are usually characterized by distal weakness and distal sensory changes. They are usually symmetrical and more severe in the legs than in the arms. This chapter has two goals: Review neurologic disease entities by anatomical level (supratentorial, posterior fossa, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system) and recognize signs and symptoms of common neurologic disease entities.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.