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Acute Kidney Injury, Glomerular Disease, and Tubulointerstitial Disease 

Acute Kidney Injury, Glomerular Disease, and Tubulointerstitial Disease
Chapter:
Acute Kidney Injury, Glomerular Disease, and Tubulointerstitial Disease
Author(s):

Suzanne M. Norby

, Kianoush B. Kashani

, and Fernando C. Fervenza

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199948949.003.0039
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date: 14 December 2019

Acute kidney injury is a term that has replaced acute renal failure in contemporary medical literature, denoting a rapid deterioration of kidney function within hours to weeks, resulting in the accumulation of nitrogenous metabolites and fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base imbalances. This chapter has three goals: discuss the differential diagnosis, etiology, and pathophysiology of acute kidney injury; recognize features of nephritic syndrome and nephrotic syndrome; and cite the various types of glomerular and tubulointerstital diseases along with their diagnosis and management.

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