Show Summary Details
Page of

Benign Hematology 

Benign Hematology
Benign Hematology

Alexandra P. Wolanskyj

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 December 2019

Anemia is a reduction in the mass of healthy circulating red blood cells (RBCs). Anemia occurs as a result of 1 of 3 mechanisms: inadequate production of RBCs by the bone marrow (ie, marrow failure, intrinsic RBC synthetic defects, or lack of essential RBC components such as vitamins); blood loss; and premature destruction of RBCs (ie, hemolysis). The primary cause of major transfusion reactions and transfusion-related deaths is medical error, which includes bypassed safeguards, similar patient names, and verbal or faxed communications. This chapter has three goals: describe the approach to evaluation of microcytic, macrocytic, and normocytic anemias; differentiate causes of hemolytic anemia; and review various types of transfusion reactions.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.