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Pituitary Disorders 

Pituitary Disorders
Pituitary Disorders

Charles F. Abboud

, Bryan McIver

, and Pankaj Shah

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date: 17 January 2021

Hypopituitarism usually results from a deficiency of anterior pituitary hormones or, rarely, from tissue resistance to these hormones. Primary pituitary disease results from the loss of anterior pituitary cells and may be congenital or acquired. Hypothalamic hypopituitarism results from hypothalamic or pituitary stalk disease associated with the loss of hypophysiotropic regulatory hormones of the anterior pituitary cells. This chapter has three goals: summarize hypothalamic and pituitary disorders, review water metabolism, and describe pituitary-related emergencies.

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