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Pulmonary Vascular Disease, Pulmonary Embolism, and Pulmonary Hypertension 

Pulmonary Vascular Disease, Pulmonary Embolism, and Pulmonary Hypertension
Chapter:
Pulmonary Vascular Disease, Pulmonary Embolism, and Pulmonary Hypertension
Author(s):

Karen L. Swanson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199948949.003.0016
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date: 26 September 2020

Pulmonary vascular disease includes pulmonary vascular tumors, malformations, vasculitides, and lymphatic disorders. The most common cause of pulmonary embolism is deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities; pulmonary embolism is the cause of death in 5% to 15% of hospitalized patients. Pulmonary hypertension is elevation of pulmonary pressure; it can be caused by an elevated pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, a high-flow state, or a true elevation in pulmonary vascular resistance. This chapter has two goals: characterize pulmonary vascular diseases, including pulmonary vasculitides, and describe the identification and management of patients with pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension.

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