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Neuropsychological Assessment of ADHD in Preschoolers: Performance-Based Measures, Rating Scales, and Structured Interviews 

Neuropsychological Assessment of ADHD in Preschoolers: Performance-Based Measures, Rating Scales, and Structured Interviews
Chapter:
Neuropsychological Assessment of ADHD in Preschoolers: Performance-Based Measures, Rating Scales, and Structured Interviews
Author(s):

E. Mark Mahone

and Alison E. Pritchard

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199948925.003.0003
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date: 23 May 2019

This chapter reviews issues specific to neuropsychological assessment of ADHD among preschool-aged children. The risks and costs associated with ADHD in the preschool years and over the lifespan are reviewed. Challenges inherent in the diagnosis of ADHD in young children are highlighted, including issues of identifying the appropriateness in developmental context, sex differences in symptomatology over time, and the relative paucity of standardized instruments for children within this age range. The diagnostic process for preschoolers versus school-aged children is compared. Finally, performance-based measures, rating scales, and structured interviews available for use with preschoolers and their families are reviewed. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the issues related to the future of neuropsychological assessment with preschoolers in light of diagnostic changes in DSM-5.

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