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The “ART” of Assisted Reproductive Technologies 

The “ART” of Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Chapter:
The “ART” of Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Author(s):

Sonja Eubanks Higgins

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199944897.003.0003
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date: 29 June 2022

Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) include a variety of procedures used to aid couples in having a baby. The number of babies conceived through ARTs in the United States has increased sharply over the past decade as technologies have improved, along with a new series of ethical issues for couples and medical professionals to navigate. These include how many embryos to transfer in a given in vitro fertilization cycle, risks and benefits for gamete donors and surrogates, appropriate use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis, when and how long to preserve fertility, use of frozen embryos created during the process, and access to the technologies. No laws currently exist in the United States to govern these procedures, although the the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology have created some guidelines. The ethical dilemmas related to these topics and existing guidelines are reviewed.

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