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Congenital Disease 

Congenital Disease
Chapter:
Congenital Disease
Author(s):

Nandan S. Anavekar

and Paul R. Julsrud

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199941186.003.0010
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date: 24 June 2021

Cardiac masses are uncommon findings on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Therefore, for those not familiar with their presentation, their correct diagnosis can be challenging. The algorithm shown can assist in identifying the pathologic characteristics and cause of a cardiac mass according to findings on magnetic resonance imaging. Masses are classified either as arising from within the heart or as invading masses. Masses that arise from the heart can then be further classified as a normal variant, thrombus, or neoplasm. Masses that invade the heart are typically malignant, and the differential diagnosis can be narrowed by determining the origin of the mass. In this chapter, several case examples of cardiac masses from each category are presented.

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