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Development of Symptoms During Childhood and Adolescence 

Development of Symptoms During Childhood and Adolescence
Chapter:
Development of Symptoms During Childhood and Adolescence
Author(s):

Christopher Gillberg

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199937905.003.0005
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date: 27 June 2019

Children with severe ADHD/DAMP exhibit problems with (1) activity, impulse and attention control, and usually also (2) gross motor skills, (3) fine motor movements, (4) perception and (5) speech and language. Children with mild and moderate ADHD/DAMP exhibit problems with activity, impulsivity, and attention control and difficulties within one, two or three, but not all four, of the other “ADHD/DAMP areas”. Symptoms can vary greatly from one child to another. In other words, ADHD/DAMP causes a heterogeneous symptom pattern. The symptoms of abnormality within the different functional areas shift from one age to another. Some children with ADHD/DAMP see their condition improve before and during puberty, to the point where it can become difficult to recognize their original problems when they reach young adulthood. Many still have mild to moderate lingering symptoms, which manifest especially as oppositional and conduct problems (including alcohol and drug abuse), depression, academic failure, reading and writing difficulties, and other learning problems. A small group see their condition deteriorate during puberty and some of these develop various kinds of psychoses.

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