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Prevalence of ADHD, DAMP, and ESSENCE 

Prevalence of ADHD, DAMP, and ESSENCE
Prevalence of ADHD, DAMP, and ESSENCE

Christopher Gillberg

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date: 31 October 2020

About one in ten of all school age children have ADHD, DCD, ASD, IDD, Tourette syndrome (or combinations of these) or another major problem/disorder subsumed under the ESSENCE category. Boys are affected more frequently than girls, but underdiagnosis in females is common. There is a highly significant degree of “comorbidity” across the ESSENCE group of disorders, not least in terms of learning difficulties/academic problems and mental/psychiatric disorders. ADHD/DAMP/ESSENCE is one of the major public health issues of our time.

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