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Definitions and Diagnostic Criteria 

Definitions and Diagnostic Criteria
Chapter:
Definitions and Diagnostic Criteria
Author(s):

Christopher Gillberg

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199937905.003.0002
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date: 18 November 2019

ADHD, and DAMP (and indeed ESSENCE) are partly overlapping terms. Which of the “diagnoses” is given depends to some extent on where in the world the child or adult becomes the subject of examination. In virtually all cases of impairing ADHD there are associated other problems: learning difficulties, language problems, difficulties with reading and writing, and mental disorders (including emotional dyscontrol, ODD and oppositional defiant behaviouirs, conduct disorder, autistic features, tics, depression and anxiety). One can only have an adequate understanding of children, adolescents and adults with ADHD if one is also aware of these connections and so called comorbidities.

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