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Intervention: Psychoeducation, Self-Help, Supportive Measures, and Treatment 

Intervention: Psychoeducation, Self-Help, Supportive Measures, and Treatment
Chapter:
Intervention: Psychoeducation, Self-Help, Supportive Measures, and Treatment
Author(s):

Christopher Gillberg

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199937905.003.0013
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date: 27 June 2019

A reasonable intervention program for all children with ADHD/DAMP – and for all children with any strong suspicion of any of the other disorders in the ESSENCE group – should include (1) screening of all the childhood onset behavioral/psychiatric disorders included in the DSM or ICD diagnostic manuals, (2) diagnosis of the main/clinically most impairing conditions, (3) some further assessments of “comorbidites” (and “additional” diagnosis of them if relevant), (4) psychological testing/laboratory tests as indicated by the clinical diagnosis, (5) information about all the results of the comprehensive assessment taking into account the individuality of each patient, state-of-the-art advice (including about effects of diets, calorie intake, and exercise/physical training) to the patient, parents, and important others (including teachers), (6) support (including educational) and follow-up as indicated in each individual case. (7) Medication or supplementation (Omega-3, vitamin D etc.) may or may not need to be included as part of the intervention. Interventions in ADHD and its associated problems in the domains of ESSENCE should target not only the disordered behaviors and neurobiology, but also strengths that are often present in some areas (e.g. ”islets of special ability”, ”creativity” and certain memory skills, including the often intact or superior factual learning capacity). A long-term perspective is needed from the moment that the diagnosis is given.

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