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What Is the Outcome—Can You Outgrow It? 

What Is the Outcome—Can You Outgrow It?
Chapter:
What Is the Outcome—Can You Outgrow It?
Author(s):

Christopher Gillberg

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199937905.003.0012
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date: 18 November 2019

Some individuals with ADHD/DAMP/ESSENCE manage relatively well in adult years, and a smaller number have really excellent outcomes, leading independent, successful lives. Around half of all with a childhood diagnosis or problem constellation compatible with the diagnosis fare much worse. Persistence of severe ADHD, depression and anxiety, social maladjustment, criminal activity, substance abuse, mental illness, and “personality disorder” are not uncommon. Difficulties in reading and writing and academic underachievement relative to IQ are the norm rather than the exception. Unemployment and difficulties holding down a job are extremely common in this group. Accidents are overrepresented and may cause particular harm when men in the 18-25-year-old age-range are involved in road traffic accidents.

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