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The Basal Ganglia 

The Basal Ganglia
Chapter:
The Basal Ganglia
Author(s):

Roger M. Kurlan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199925643.003.0001
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date: 19 April 2021

The basal ganglia consist of an interconnected set of nuclei situated in the diencephalon and midbrain and serves as a key motor control center. The neurochemical anatomy of the basal ganglia has long been important in the development of rational pharmacologic treatments for neurological movement disorders. More recently, the functional neuroanatomy of the basal ganglia has gained increased importance in contributing to the selection of optimal targets for deep brain stimulation therapy. Recognizing the complexity of basal ganglia anatomy, connections, pharmacology, and physiology, this chapter presents concise summary information, selected for clarity and practical clinical importance when approaching patients with neurological movement disorders, focusing on the hyperkinetic types.

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