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Disorders, Diagnosis, and Classification 

Disorders, Diagnosis, and Classification
Disorders, Diagnosis, and Classification

Oye Gureje

and Dan J. Stein

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date: 23 June 2021

The agenda of global mental health includes a broad range of concerns that go beyond the diagnosis of mental disorders in individuals. At the same time, an approach to the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders that is sensitive to the importance of optimizing diagnostic validity and clinical utility for a broad range of contexts provides a key foundation for global mental health prevention and intervention efforts. Indeed, work showing the universal prevalence of mental disorders, and their substantial morbidity and under-treatment, has provided a platform for global mental health’s call for “no health without mental health.” Ongoing work is needed to ensure that future classifications are based on data from around the world, and that they optimize efforts in scientific research, clinical work, and global health practices. This chapter summarizes current approaches to mental disorder diagnosis and classification from a global mental health perspective.

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