Show Summary Details
Page of

Sleep Apnea in Children and the Upper Airway: Comorbid and Coexisting 

Sleep Apnea in Children and the Upper Airway: Comorbid and Coexisting
Chapter:
Sleep Apnea in Children and the Upper Airway: Comorbid and Coexisting
Author(s):

Athanasios Kaditis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199918065.003.0005
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 April 2021

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most severe form of “obstructive sleep-disordered breathing,” a spectrum of abnormal respiratory patterns during sleep characterized by snoring and increased respiratory effort due to increased upper airway resistance and pharyngeal collapsibility. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy and obesity are the most frequent causes of OSA in children. The clinical manifestations of OSA include apneas (cessation of oronasal airflow) and hypopneas (reduction of airflow), accompanied by arousals from sleep, restless sleep, daytime symptoms (sleepiness, inattention, hyperactivity), and academic difficulties. Cysteinyl leukotrienes contribute to the pathogenesis of both asthma and OSA in childhood. Cysteinyl leukotrienes have also been implicated in the pathogenesis of adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Preliminary evidence suggests that treatment of sleep apnea with adenotonsillectomy results in improved control of coexisting asthma.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.