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Adult Cardiac Conditions: Coexisting and Differential Diagnosis 

Adult Cardiac Conditions: Coexisting and Differential Diagnosis
Chapter:
Adult Cardiac Conditions: Coexisting and Differential Diagnosis
Author(s):

Paola Rogliani

, Andrea Segreti

, and Mario Cazzola

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199918065.003.0015
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date: 09 May 2021

In this chapter, the relationship between asthma and its cardiovascular comorbidities is reviewed. Asthma seems not to be a risk factor for coronary heart disease in middle-aged adults; nevertheless, some reports suggest that subjects with severe asthma, especially females, are at significant risk for ischemic heart disease. Additionally, adult-onset asthma, particularly in females, may be a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease. The physician should know how to differentiate between asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiac asthma (congestive heart failure), often a difficult proposition. A systematic evaluation, not only of the presence of comorbid conditions, is necessary to ensure that such comorbidities are adequately treated and controlled so that the effect on asthma is minimized.

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