Show Summary Details
Page of

Pneumonia: Comorbid and Coexisting 

Pneumonia: Comorbid and Coexisting
Chapter:
Pneumonia: Comorbid and Coexisting
Author(s):

Chrysanthi L. Skevaki

, Athanassios Tsakris

, and Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199918065.003.0012
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 April 2021

Pneumonia is defined as an acute infection of the lung caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms and characterized by inflammation both within and around the alveolar tissues (consolidation). Community-acquired pneumonia, which is the most common presentation, represents a challenge for physicians because of the large number and diversity of causative agents, the difficulty in reaching the appropriate clinical diagnosis, and the fact that a single antimicrobial regimen able to combat all possible etiologies is currently missing. The clinical presentation of pneumonia is diverse with a range of symptoms, of which fever, cough, and tachypnea are most common. Diagnosis of pneumonia is supported by a chest radiograph displaying new shadowing, but most often, diagnosis is performed at the primary care level, in the absence of an imaging technique, and is based only on symptoms and physical examination. Pneumonia is caused by a broad spectrum of microorganisms, whose identification can be difficult and time consuming and often requires invasive techniques and procedures of uncertain diagnostic success.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.