Show Summary Details
Page of

Neurocritical Care 

Neurocritical Care
Chapter:
Neurocritical Care
Author(s):

Steven L. Shein

and Robert S. B. Clark

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199918027.003.0009
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 May 2022

Brain injury is the most common proximate cause of death in pediatric intensive care units. For children who survive critical illness, long-standing brain damage and residual brain dysfunction can affect quality of life significantly. Therefore, minimizing neurological injury to improve patient outcomes is a priority of neurocritical care. This may be accomplished by implementing specific targeted therapies, avoiding pathophysiological conditions that exacerbate neurological injury, and using a multidisciplinary team that focuses on contemporary care of children with neurological injury and disease. This chapter reviews pertinent anatomy and physiology; general principles of pediatric neurocritical care; and specifics for caring for children with traumatic brain injury, hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy, status epilepticus, meningitis/encephalitis, stroke, and acute hydrocephalus.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.