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Case 13.8 

Case 13.8
Case 13.8

Christine U. Lee

, and James F. Glockner

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date: 26 September 2020

62-year-old man with shortness of breath and an abnormal chest CT

Axial 3D SPGR postgadolinium images (Figure 13.8.1) demonstrate diffuse thickening and enhancement of the left pleura, with a few minimally enhancing, focal right-sided pleural plaques.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare neoplasm that originates from the mesothelial cells lining the visceral and parietal pleura. The incidence of malignant pleural mesothelioma in the United States is 15 cases per million; there is a strong correlation with asbestos exposure. Malignant pleural mesothelioma is divided into 3 histologic subtypes: epithelial (55%-65%), sarcomatoid (10%-15%), and mixed (20%-35%). Patients with epithelial malignant pleural mesothelioma have the best prognosis, and among those with limited disease who undergo extrapleural pneumonectomy (removal of the pleura, lung, hemidiaphragm, and part of the pericardium), survival is longer (5-year survival, 39%) than among all patients (median survival, 8-18 months after diagnosis)....

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