Show Summary Details
Page of

Thoracic Nerve Root and Facet Injections: Computed Tomography 

Thoracic Nerve Root and Facet Injections: Computed Tomography
Thoracic Nerve Root and Facet Injections: Computed Tomography

Amaresh Vydyanathan

, Allan L. Brook

, Boleslav Kosharskyy

, and Samer N. Narouze

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 October 2021

Thoracic back pain patients present with associated radiculopathy, degenerative disc disease, spondylosis, stenosis, scoliosis, rib fractures, tumors, or after undergoing thoracic surgery. Thoracic transforaminal or selective nerve root blocks (SNRBs) may be both therapeutic and diagnostic. Therapeutic injections may include either local anesthetics for pain relief or corticosteroids for anti-inflammatory effects. The two types of pain amenable to therapeutic SNRBs include pain caused by irritation or direct pressure on a spinal nerve and pain originating from anatomic structures that are innervated by the sinuvertebral nerve. Although these blocks are traditionally performed under fluoroscopic guidance, computed tomography (CT) and CT fluoroscopy have been increasingly used to direct needle placement and have been advocated by experts due to superior visualization of the needle tip and the ability to clearly define spinal anatomy and adjacent soft-tissues.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.