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Clinical Signs 

Clinical Signs
Chapter:
Clinical Signs
Author(s):

Aziz Shaibani

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199898152.003.0026
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date: 29 November 2020

In clinical neuromuscular medicine, clinical signs are very important for elucidation of the right diagnosis. There is nothing better than videos to demonstrate these signs and their elicitation and significance. We selected several clinical signs from our video archives for this purpose. Babinski sign is an important clue to upper motor neuron dysfunction. Bell’s phenomenon is a normal response. Facilitation of reflexes is a strong indication of a presynaptic neuromuscular transmission disorder. By definition a sign is a clinical finding as opposed to a symptoms which is what the patient report. Some signs are transient and not captured during clinical examination. The advent of video recording ability to general public facilitate capturing of physical signs in videos.

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