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The Genetic and Genomic Practice of Reproductive Medicine 

The Genetic and Genomic Practice of Reproductive Medicine
Chapter:
The Genetic and Genomic Practice of Reproductive Medicine
Author(s):

Dhavendra Kumar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199896028.003.0046
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date: 24 May 2019

Recent addition of scientific knowledge and technological developments have considerably revolutionised the contemporary practice of reproductive medicine. Utilization of the medical genetic expertise and applications of conventional genetic laboratory methods are now routinely employed in managing major referrals to a modern reproductive medicine facility in a tertiary unit. Major areas that benefit include premature ovarian failure, gynaecologic conditions like endometriosis, male factor infertility, pre-implantation genetic screening, assisted reproduction techniques, early recurrent pregnancy loss, prenatal diagnosis, preeclampsia and pre-term birth. The use of microarrays has permeated most areas of study within the reproductive, obstetrics and gynaecology fields. The number of diseases and conditions within this broad field currently undergoing genomic studies is too large to be summarized in total within the context of this chapter. The rate at which microarray studies and next generation genomic methods are being published makes it certain that this chapter will always be short of information. Nonetheless, this chapter provides an overview on the way in genetic and genomic input and studies are important in a number of areas in the current practice of reproductive medicine.

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