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Genetics and Genomics of Neuro-Psychiatric Diseases, V: Learning and Behavioral Disorders 

Genetics and Genomics of Neuro-Psychiatric Diseases, V: Learning and Behavioral Disorders
Chapter:
Genetics and Genomics of Neuro-Psychiatric Diseases, V: Learning and Behavioral Disorders
Author(s):

F. Lucy Raymond

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199896028.003.0035
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date: 31 May 2020

Understand the genetic basis of disorders of childhood learning or behaviour are increasingly sought by health professionals and families caring for children with a severe learning and/or behaviour disability. If a mechanism of disease can be identified, there is an opportunity to understand and to clarify the cause of the problems. Knowledge of the disease can also lead to a greater understanding of the disease and provide prognostic information and potentially therapeutic interventions. In many cases having a diagnosis means that the lengthy search for the cause of the disease can now cease and further unnecessary investigations can be avoided. Also, the identification of a specific diagnosis may mean that other medical systems e.g. cardiac or nutritional status now need closer surveillance than would have been done if the diagnosis was not made. This can prevent further morbidity and avoid early mortality. Increasingly, as the genetic basis of these diseases are understood there is increasing potential to provide therapeutic trials that will ameliorate the underlying biological defect.

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