Show Summary Details
Page of

Neuroanatomy of Specific Reading Disabilities I: Anatomical Deviations 

Neuroanatomy of Specific Reading Disabilities I: Anatomical Deviations
Neuroanatomy of Specific Reading Disabilities I: Anatomical Deviations

Yitzchak Frank

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 January 2020

Specific Learning Disabilities result from cognitive deficiencies—specific deficiencies in brain functions important for learning. Are these deficiencies the result of a structural brain abnormality, or of irregular or abnormal programming of brain networks related to learning? Discussing this question necessitates some understanding of the normal anatomy of learning. Learning to read, calculate, and write demands coordinated functioning of many brain areas. An optimal learning condition involves the ability to perceive, process, and analyze sensory information, and the ability to express learned material by the execution of a response, which can be done verbally (e.g., by answering a question), by writing, or by other means of execution. The student has to be alert, focused, motivated, and emotionally healthy. As one can imagine, there needs to be a large number of brain systems, in different brain locations, participating in and supervising these actions.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.