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Pneumoniaa 

Pneumoniaa
Chapter:
Pneumoniaa
Author(s):

Priya Sampathkumar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0025
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date: 09 July 2020

There are 2 basic types of pneumonia: community-acquired pneumonia and nosocomial pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia is an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma acquired while the patient was in the community rather than in a hospital. Older or immunosuppressed patients with CAP may present with nonrespiratory symptoms: confusion, failure to thrive, worsening of an underlying chronic illness, or falls. Nosocomial pneumonia: pneumonia that develops more than 48 hours after admission to a health care facility and which was not incubating at the time of admission. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment are also reviewed.

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