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Select Anaerobic Bacteria: Clostridium tetani and Clostridium botulinum 

Select Anaerobic Bacteria: Clostridium tetani and Clostridium botulinum
Chapter:
Select Anaerobic Bacteria: Clostridium tetani and Clostridium botulinum
Author(s):

M. Rizwan Sohail

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0008
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date: 09 July 2020

The focus of this chapter is 2 types of gram-negative aerobic bacteria, Clostridium tetani and Clostridium botulinum, and the diseases they cause. Tetanus is a nervous system disorder characterized by intense, painful muscle spasm caused by Clostridium tetani. Tetanus is prevalent in developing countries, but it is rare in developed nations owing to universal childhood vaccination. Common modes of acquisition are puncture wounds, gunshot wounds, burns, compound fractures, and contaminated or unsterile injections. Botulism is a neuroparalytic syndrome caused by neurotoxin produced by Clostridiumbotulinum. The US Food and Drug Administration approved botulinum toxin for treatment of neuromuscular disorders, including blepharospasm, strabismus, and torticollis, and for many cosmetic procedures.

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