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Sedation and analgesia in the intensive care unit 

Sedation and analgesia in the intensive care unit
Chapter:
Sedation and analgesia in the intensive care unit
Author(s):

A. Murat Kaynar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199777709.003.0022
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date: 10 April 2020

Most patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICUs) require sedation and analgesia to minimize discomfort, anxiety, dyspnea, pain, and risks associated withagitation, such as inadvertent removal of tubes or catheters. The level of sedationrequired should be defined as early as possible in the course of a patient–sstay in the ICU.Patient-focused sedationshould incorporate the concept that the need for sedation and analgesia differsamong patients and within patients over time during the course of theirillnesses. As much as the therapies need to be individualized, the approach to sedationand analgesia is better accomplished in a multi-disciplinary fashion, includingthe perspectives of nurses, pharmacists, and physicians and amalgamating theminto a functional and patient-oriented medical plan.

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