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Injury severity scoring systems 

Injury severity scoring systems
Chapter:
Injury severity scoring systems
Author(s):

Matthew Rosengart

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199777709.003.0002
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date: 22 February 2020

Discerning who the most critically injuredpatients are from among the overall population ofinjured necessitates a method by which to estimate the risk of an outcome, suchas death, and thus identify who would benefit from this higher level of care.Injury severity scoring is simply a means by which to do this, to characterize andquantify an injury. It has been extended to estimating the risk of an outcome(e.g., mortality, morbidity, length of stay). The scores themselvesdraw upon characteristics of the patient (anatomic, physiologic, comorbidity)to construct a summary measure quantifying a patient–s condition after injury.These have been incorporated into a fourth type of score that combines theseelements to enhance the predictive capacity.

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