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Hypothermia and trauma 

Hypothermia and trauma
Chapter:
Hypothermia and trauma
Author(s):

Samuel A. Tisherman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199777709.003.0019
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date: 10 April 2020

Spontaneous, uncontrolled hypothermia occurs in up to half of the victims ofmajor trauma. Trauma patients are unable to maintain normal temperaturehomeostasis because of the effects of shock, alcohol and drug intoxication, sedation, and anesthesia. Anesthesia alone may decrease heat production by 20%. Inaddition, the administration of room-temperature fluids and exposure for evaluationand operative interventions can increase heat loss. The more severe theinjury, the greater the risk of hypothermia.

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