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Culture, Pharmacogenomics, and Personalized Analgesia 

Culture, Pharmacogenomics, and Personalized Analgesia
Culture, Pharmacogenomics, and Personalized Analgesia

Mario Incayawar

and Knox H. Todd

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date: 24 September 2021

In this chapter, we discuss how a multidisciplinary and integrative approach to pain should be considered. Some familiarity with the cultural background of our patients and awareness of the provider’s own cultural characteristics will allow us to better understand our patients’ values, attitudes, and preferences. Knowledge of patients’ cultural practices will allow us to determine the impact of culture on biological processes, including the origin and development of pain-related disease, and the patients’ response to pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments. This understanding could eventually lead us to the practice of a person-centered or personalized medicine.

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