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Pain, Culture, and Pathways to Care 

Pain, Culture, and Pathways to Care
Pain, Culture, and Pathways to Care

Gurvinder S. Kalra

, Susham Gupta

, and Dinesh Bhugra

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date: 24 September 2021

Pain is a universal experience and part of everyday life in medicine. The word is derived from poena—the Latin word associated with punishment or penalty. It is one of the most frequent complaints brought to physicians everywhere. Pain can be both physically and psychologically mediated. It is the physical symptom of underlying pathology of physiological processes that causes the most human suffering in medicine. From an anthropological point, cultural and societal factors dictate expression of emotions, and hence have a learned component.1 Pain is one of the most common causes of inability to work and also places a great economic burden on society in the form of lost man-power and disability benefits.

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