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Gender and Ethnic Differences in Responses to Pain and Its Treatment 

Gender and Ethnic Differences in Responses to Pain and Its Treatment
Chapter:
Gender and Ethnic Differences in Responses to Pain and Its Treatment
Author(s):

Burel R. Goodin

, Kimberly Sibille

, and Roger B. Fillingim

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199768875.003.0021
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date: 10 August 2020

This chapter focuses on the contributions of sex/gender and ethnicity to individual differences in pain and responses to pain treatment. These two demographic factors are important as they represent major population groups that show signifi cant differences in pain-related phenotypes. Also, the infl uences of sex/gender and ethnicity on pain responses are similar in that each is driven by complex interactions among multiple biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors. We first will discuss sex and gender differences in pain and analgesic response, then review ethnic group diff erences in responses to pain and its treatment. We will then summarize and make recommendations for future research.

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