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Disparities in Treatment of Cancer Pain in Ethnic Minority Patients 

Disparities in Treatment of Cancer Pain in Ethnic Minority Patients
Chapter:
Disparities in Treatment of Cancer Pain in Ethnic Minority Patients
Author(s):

Karen O. Anderson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199768875.003.0019
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date: 01 December 2020

Ethnic disparities in health care and health outcomes are a major public health problem in the United States. Particularly, disparities related to cancer incidence, treatment, and outcomes have been well documented. The Institute of Medicine published a report in 1999, The Unequal Burden of Cancer: An Assessment of NIH Research and Programs for Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved,1 which acknowledged the unequal burden of cancer in minority patients. For example, minority patients have higher incidence rates of lung, colorectal, prostate, and cervical cancer, as compared to nonminority patients.2 Ethnic minority patients with cancer are also more likely than nonminority patients to experience disparities in cancer treatment and outcomes. In general, minority patients with cancer are more apt than nonminority patients to experience delays in diagnosis, follow-up after positive screening tests, and the initiation of evidence-based treatment plans.37 Minority patients also have disproportionately high rates of morbidity and mortality from certain types of cancer.1,8

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