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Recognition of Autism Spectrum Disorder—Early Identification and Diagnosis 

Recognition of Autism Spectrum Disorder—Early Identification and Diagnosis
Chapter:
Recognition of Autism Spectrum Disorder—Early Identification and Diagnosis
Author(s):

John J. McGonigle

, Virginia Martin

, and Martin J. Lubetsky

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199753857.003.0016
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date: 26 October 2020

Recent studies and reports from Center for Disease Control (CDC, 2009) have shown an increase in prevalence of children diagnosed with an ASD to 1 in 110, emphasizing the need to increase the focus on early identification, improve diagnostic assessment and interventions. Whether diagnosis is accurately made in childhood, adolescence or adulthood, the access to quality assessment and evidenced-based treatments have shown to be critical variables for positive developmental outcomes. This chapter will provide an overview of the assessment and diagnosis of ASD, and review several diagnostic pathways and instruments.

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