Show Summary Details
Page of

CNTNAP2 and Autism Spectrum Disorders 

CNTNAP2 and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Chapter:
CNTNAP2 and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Author(s):

Olga Peñagarikano

and Daniel H. Geschwind

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199744312.003.0016
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 01 December 2020

Although autism was described in the early 1940s as a disorder of affective contact (Kanner, 1943), it was not classified as a neurodevelopmental disorder with a biological basis until the early 1980s, when studies reported its high heritability (Folstein & Rutter, 1977; Ritvo et al., 1985) and co-occurrence with chromosomal abnormalities (Gillberg & Wahlstrom, 1985; Wahlström et al., 1986). Today, autism is considered a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental syndrome and therefore termed autism spectrum disorder (ASD), characterized by variable deficits in social behavior and language, restrictive interests, and repetitive behaviors. Autism spectrum disorder has an estimated prevalence of 1:150–1:200 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007), being one of the most common childhood disorders. In addition to the core domains necessary for diagnosis, a number of other behavioral abnormalities are frequently associated with ASD, including epilepsy, sensory abnormalities, hyperactivity, motor abnormalities, sleep disturbances, and gastrointestinal symptoms (Geschwind, 2009).

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.