Show Summary Details
Page of

SHANK Gene Family and Autism 

SHANK Gene Family and Autism
Chapter:
SHANK Gene Family and Autism
Author(s):

Craig M. Powell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199744312.003.0011
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 February 2020

SHANK3 deletion/mutation is an independently replicated, genetic cause of autism (Durand et al., 2007; Gauthier et al., 2009; Moessner et al., 2007) and is the major causative gene in the 22q13 deletion syndrome known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome (Bonaglia et al., 2011; Bonaglia et al., 2001; Bonaglia et al., 2006; Chen et al., 2011; Delahaye et al., 2009; Dhar et al., 2010; Jeffries et al., 2005; Misceo et al., 2011; Sarasua et al., 2011; Wilson et al., 2003). Patients with Phelan-McDermid syndrome uniformly have delayed or absent speech and many carry the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (Cusmano-Ozog, Manning, & Hoyme, 2007; Havens, Visootsak, Phelan, & Graham, 2004). More recently, mutations in SHANK2 have been implicated in autism and intellectual disability (Berkel et al., 2010; Pinto et al., 2010). These recent human genetic findings provide a compelling rationale for developing a comprehensive understanding of SHANK3 function in synapses, circuits, and behavior, resulting in three different novel genetic mouse models published by more than four independent laboratories (Bangash et al., 2011; Bozdagi et al., 2010; Peca et al., 2011; Wang et al., 2011). Such studies shed light on the underlying biology of autism caused by SHANK3 mutations. This chapter examines in detail the evidence supporting a role for SHANK genes in autism and intellectual disability as well as insights from the recent genetic animal models of SHANK3 mutations.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.