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Public Health Practice, Leadership, and Health Care Law 

Public Health Practice, Leadership, and Health Care Law
Chapter:
Public Health Practice, Leadership, and Health Care Law
Author(s):

Robin G. Molella

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199743018.003.0016
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date: 21 August 2019

Public health is focused on health at the population level. This broad focus allows public health officials to use strategies and tools that differ from those used by health care providers, who focus on individual patients. Determinants of health include access to education, safe working environments, and safe and reliable sources of nutrition. Community empowerment aims to create sustainable change through vocational training, health education, policy changes, and other actions. Quarantine, incarceration, or forced treatment can be used by public health agencies if they provide proof of danger to the community. Licensure authorizes an agency to create rules that regulate the activities of the professional or entity; medical examinations can be mandated. The ethical principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence are the same for public health and medicine. Ethics in public health also consider the needs of the population and how that may interfere with individual freedoms. Various types of cost analyses can be performed to determine where best to apply available public health funds.

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