Show Summary Details
Page of

Environmental Health 

Environmental Health
Environmental Health

Richard D. Newcomb

, Richard J. Vetter

, and Clayton T. Cowl

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 October 2019

Environmental medicine is the broad discipline that focuses on environmental factors that cause or influence disease. These factors typically are components of 4 major categories: air, water, soil, and food. Often, an environmental toxin or agent may have numerous means by which it causes disease, such as a toxin primarily soil bound that is aerosolized as dust or is made soluble and then infiltrates water and plants. The primary role of the clinician in environmental medicine is as a resource and risk communicator for patients. In circumstances where a patient has adverse health effects, the clinician's role is to determine how likely it is that an environmental toxin has contributed to the patient's symptoms or an underlying disease. When a hazard is recognized, the clinician helps control and reduce exposure, as well as treats any illness when effective treatment options are available.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.