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Injury Prevention and Control 

Injury Prevention and Control
Chapter:
Injury Prevention and Control
Author(s):

Kodjo M. Bossou

and Philip T. Hagen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199743018.003.0012
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date: 22 October 2019

In its most basic definition, human injury is the result of a transfer of energy of sufficient magnitude to damage tissues of the human recipient. Adoption of the infectious disease model of an agent (energy), a carrier (living or inanimate; a vector), and the affected person (host) has proved helpful in analyzing the chain of causation that leads to injury. For the inclusion of important injuries, the definition of causation is often modified to include exposures that prevent needed energy from reaching a host-for example, a lack of thermal energy (heat) that results in frostbite. For persons younger than 45, injury is the most frequent cause of death. Years of potential life lost is an important measure of the cost and health burden of injuries on society. With systematic identification of the causal factors of injury and the events leading up to and following injury, a comprehensive intervention can be carried out to reduce the occurrence of injury in various settings.

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