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Secondary Prevention 1: Cancers and Principles of Screening 

Secondary Prevention 1: Cancers and Principles of Screening
Chapter:
Secondary Prevention 1: Cancers and Principles of Screening
Author(s):

Martha P. Millman

and Paul J. Limburg

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199743018.003.0010
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date: 22 October 2019

Screening tests are used to differentiate between persons with and without the condition of interest in a defined population. Screening strategies, or mass screening, is applied relatively indiscriminately to a population. Cancer is the second-leading overall cause of death in the United States; however, it is the leading cause of death for those under 85. Cancer risk is associated with environmental risk factors. Racial disparities in cancer incidence and death persist in the United States; level of education also appears to affect cancer survival. The United States Preventive Services Task Force has established evidence-based guidelines for screening, counseling, and chemoprevention.

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